Tobacco pipes are some of the most decorative and temporally diagnostic artifacts found on Iron Age sites in Ghana. The temporally sensitive nature of these items is demonstrated by the success of the initial pipe seriation Ozanne developed over forty years ago. Subsequently archaeologists have continued to utilize this seriation and rely on pipes as index fossils in identifying the temporal affiliations of late period sites throughout Ghana. Fewer researchers have attempted to refine the seriation and define more regional pipe types. Rare are accounts of smoking herbs in pre-contact times see Effah-Gyamfi Yet historic documents are full of descriptions that tell of village residents trading for and smoking tobacco and illustrations show chiefs smoking pipes are common place.
A Brief History of Marked European Clay Tobacco Pipes
Learn about clay pipes history Clay pipes have a long history dating back to the Native Americans of pre-colonial North America. Simple clay tobacco pipes were introduced to the British when Sir Walter Raleigh began returning from his voyages to what we now call Virginia with tobacco from The New World. The association of smoking tobacco, and the clay pipes commonly used, with the Native American tribes caused a great deal of strife in 16 th century England. Religious leaders were hard-set against the introduction of smoking to their communities.
However, the English working-class disagreed and took to the habit of smoking tobacco from a pipe almost immediately.
English mariners setting up the first colonies there were introduced to smoking A group of typical English clay pipes dating from the early Victorian period.
The surface of Jacksonville ” Blue China ” shipwreck contained a widely scattered cargo of 63 clay tobacco pipes from which a sample of 16 examples were recovered in two different styles: 13 examples of a ribbed type also referred to as fluted or cockled featuring raised vertical lines extending along the bowl. The pipes were produced in different two-part molds and all are made from white clay. A number of the examples were recovered broken. All of the pipes have an integral stem whereby the pipe bowl and long stem were manufactured as a single piece.
The examples vary in levels of preservation from largely intact pipe bowls and stems to fragmentary examples consisting of just a surviving bowl sometimes broken with very little of the original stem extant. Several of the pipes are heavily stained by what appears to be iron oxide; this may be due to alterations of the clay from the salt water environment or perhaps due to adjacent artifacts or ship structures.
If indeed British, the pipe is likely to have been made from white ball clay, deposits of which are indigenous to Dorset and Devonshire in southwest England. Ball clay was largely used in England, which was a major exporter in the midth century. The initials themselves became a trademark used to denote a certain brand. Today they represent a major diagnostic decorative attribute, having been excavated throughout America in contexts dating from the midth century into the early 20th century.
Appendix 3: The Clay Tobacco Pipes
Archeology and dating go hand-in-hand. Historical archeologists have an advantage when it comes to dating because of the written historical record. When we study a site, we also study the documents associated with the site. For Historical archeologists, ceramics are a diagnostic tool for dating because many English ceramic types can be dated to within 5 or so years of their manufacture. Access to this knowledge led to something called the Mean Ceramic Date.
Think about the things you own.
Tobacco Pipes and a Brazier (Hermitage) by the Dutch still-life painter Pieter Claesz showing a very similar form to the older pipe bowl.
Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who purchased this item, who are all part of the Amazon community. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. Please enter a question. Height: 1. Weight: 0. Bowl Depth: 1. Bowl Outside Diameter: 0. Bowl Inside Diameter: 0.
Pamplin Clay Tobacco Pipes
No one knows for sure who made the first clay pipes. The idea of smoking tobacco came from the American Indian, who had long fashioned their own clay pipes. These, no doubt served as a model for later pipe development. By tobacco smoking had been introduced to Europe.
Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. In the s J. C. Harrington studied the.
Why were the names of famous 17th century English leaders found on tobacco pipe stems in an abandoned cellar and well shaft at James Fort? Lettering spells out parts of names of politicians, military men, social leaders, Virginia Company officials, Virginia governors, and maritime explorers. Was this the first marketing effort in British North America — a keepsake to link London leaders to the colony?
The Virginia Company may have sent him to test Virginia clays for pipemaking and pottery production. Good Virginia clay could break the monopoly held by Dorset clay merchants in the London pipemaking industry. No other mention is made of Cotton; he is not listed in the colony census of , so he had probably either perished or returned to England by then. His legacy is the handmade clay tobacco pipes of a design not yet found on any other early Virginia sites.
European-made pipes of the time have bulbous molded bowls, but these Virginia bowls are trumpet-shaped like Virginia Indian pipes. The manufacturing process took place right at Jamestown. Fragments of small saggars types of pottery containers only used in kilns during the ceramic firing process were found with some of the Cotton pipes. Some of the Cotton pipe stems have shaved faceted shafts, and shavings from this process have been found in early Jamestown deposits.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Lauren McMillan. McMillan There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th- and 18th-century colonial sites with imported white, ball-clay, tobacco-pipe stems.
Dec 3, – 10 X CLAY TOBACCO PIPES DATING FROM THE 17TH TO 19TH CENTURY. | eBay.
Impressed into clay tobacco pipes are bits of data that have fueled endless research avenues since the earliest days of archaeology on historic sites excavated on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Archaeologists analyze multiple clues to date and identify the pipe maker including a careful combination of archaeological site context, bowl style and form, pipe stem bore diameter, style and placement of the mark itself, and place of manufacture.
We ask that if you have a nearly complete bowl from which a type can be determined, to use the Oswald typology, but there is also a field to record reference to another typology, should you prefer. Marks also appear on pipe stems. Marks were produced by molds that left incuse negative or relief raised impressions Oswald In the first half of the 17th century, for both English and Dutch pipes, marks generally appear on the flat base of the heel.
In the second half of the 17th century, marks were increasingly placed straddling heels or spurs, on bowls, and on stems. In the 18th century, stems marks could straddle either side, form ornamental bands, or be stamped in circles. First, keep in mind, most pipes were unmarked. This included nearly 99 percent of pipes manufactured in the early 17th century, though this estimate diminishes to about 40 percent of all pipes in the 19th century.
Dating colonial pipes
Fragments of clay tobacco pipes are regularly found in gardens and allotments in both urban and rural locations in the Faversham area. Such a common and fragile artefact has become an important dating aid for archaeologists working on sites from the late 16th to 19th centuries. Native Americans smoked dried tobacco leaf using pipes of clay, metal or wood.
the Colonial National Historical Park, for her unceasing e ffo rts to aid th is research in dating a stem bore population, but as Hanson () s ta te s.
Ring returned today. Some nice eyeballed finds recently including a wallet and Gucci watch. Trying to date very early colonial pipe bowl A friend of mine found this at a site that’s produced quite a few hammered coins going back to the s. Colonial bowl is unlike any I’ve seen dating or in reference books, although I did see some similar but much smaller ones from the early days of Jamestown. But the bowl seems to be much larger than those characteristically found on the early pipes.
Appreciate if you could point me pipes a reference source that can date this pipe. It’s the large bowl in the top center of the pic. Attached Thumbnails. Early likes this.